Glascow Coma Scale (GCS)

 Eyes 1pt – No eye opening 2pt – Open to pain 3pt – Open to voice 4pt – Open spontaneously Verbal 1pt – No sounds 2pt – Incomprehensible sounds 3pt – Incoherent words 4pt – Confused, disoriented 5pt – Oriented, normal conversation Motor 1pt – No movement 2pt – Extension to pain (decerebrate) 3pt – Flexion to pain (decorticate) 4pt

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Tranexamic Acid (TXA)

Tranexamic acid is a synthetic form of lysine, an amino acid. It is classified as an “anti-fibrinolytic” which means it is a  pro-coagulant. It binds to receptors on plasmin preventing it from breaking down fibrin clots. Tranexamic acid was originally discovered in 1962 and is currently on the World Health Organization’s list of Essential Medicines.  The drug has been studied

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